On my coffee cup spread I have incorporated stains, photographs, and illustrations of what connotes and denotes a coffee cup. For example, I have the word "relieve" written down, which is a connotation. It is what someone feels/thinks when they drink a cup of coffee. I also have "ceramic cup" written down, which denotes the actual object.
The espresso machine layout includes actual photographs and sketches of espresso pulls. I included the actual act of pulling espresso, and the parts of the machine as denotations. The high caffeine level of espresso is connoted with the words "hyper" and "agitated".
The layout that I used for tea-bag is a big part of the booklet, because it includes an actual tea-bag. The viewer can feel it as well as smell it. I helps to create the aroma for a coffee shop. I labeled the booklet with my own handwriting, and I highlighted the denotations with colored pencil. I am having trouble deciding how to incorporate an index though. I am hoping that the marked words will be obviously denotative, but my denotations could be completely different than someone else's.